Kennedy, Daniel O'Connell, Jr.
1881-1944 | Businessman and Territorial Legislator
Daniel O'Connell Kennedy Jr. was an Anchorage merchant who owned and operated, with his brother and business partner, James, Kennedy's clothing store on Fourth Avenue in downtown Anchorage. Their clothing business was in continual operation from about 1921 until it was sold in 1942. After 1934, the name of the business was changed to Hub Clothing.
The Kennedy Family and Daniel O'Connell Kennedy Sr.
According to the 1900 U.S. Census, Daniel O’Connell Kennedy Sr. arrived in the United States in 1851; a brief biography of Kennedy by historian Robert DeArmond has the elder Kennedy jumping ship in Philadelphia as early as 1843. Beginning in 1853, he prospected with indifferent success in California; Kootenai, British Columbia; Oregon; Idaho; and Washington. When Cassiar, British Columbia was struck in 1874, he joined the stampede.1
In 1876 Daniel Kennedy Sr. moved to Sitka, where he remained until 1880. The U.S. Navy’s 1880 census of Sitka records Kennedy’s occupation as that of miner. While in Sitka, on November 12, 1878, he married Ekaterina (later referred to as Katrina and Katherine) Kvasnikov, born on the Kenai Peninsula in Ninilchik, Alaska, on May 17, 1853, the daughter of a Russian missionary who was sent to Alaska from Moscow. In 1880, he was one of the first prospectors to land at Juneau seeking gold.2
In 1883 Daniel Kennedy Sr. became night watchman and fire warden in Juneau, initially being compensated by a subscription raised voluntarily by the citizens. In 1902 the Kennedys moved to Kachemak Bay to homestead and work coal claims. In late summer 1904 the family returned to Juneau and he was again hired as night watchman. He then served the City of Juneau continuously until 1911 when he was retired with half pay.
Daniel Kennedy Sr., was familiarly called “Uncle Dan,” and according to an article about him during his final illness in the January 7, 1913 Alaska Daily Empire, he was “one of the best known and most beloved of the old pioneers settling in Juneau.”3 On January 30, 1913 the Alaska Daily Empire reported on Daniel O’Connell Kennedy Sr.’s., funeral, stating that the “87 Pioneers who were in town attended as a body.”4 The ‘87 Pioneers was a local organization, composed of people who lived in Juneau by 1887.
Daniel O'Connell Kennedy Jr.
Daniel O'Connell Kennedy Jr. was born in Sitka, Alaska on June 10, 1881, to Daniel O’Connell Kennedy Sr. and Ekaterina (Katherine) Kvasnikoff Kennedy. He moved with his parents to live in the gold rush town of Juneau within months of his birth. He was one of five brothers born to Daniel O. Kennedy Sr., and Ekaterina Kvasnikov Kennedy. He grew up in Juneau except for the two year period when the family moved to Kachemak Bay to homestead and to prospect for coal claims. The 1900 U.S. Census, taken when he was eighteen and living with his parents in Juneau, lists his profession as a printer. The 1910 U.S. Census shows him continuing to live in Juneau in his parents’ home with his occupation listed as miner.5 He is also listed as a miner in three city directories for Juneau dated 1903, 1909-1910 and 1911-1912. His funeral announcement in the Anchorage Daily Times stated that when he was a miner “ . . . he once won an Independence Day rock drilling contest at Juneau.”6 His World War I draft registration card, dated October 5, 1918, shows him working as a fisherman for his younger brother, George, in Skagway.7 By 1921, he and his brother James were in the clothing business together in Anchorage, although some sources indicate the partnership began as early as 1919.
According to Evangeline Atwood and Robert DeArmond, in Who's Who in Alaskan Politics: A Biographical Dictionary of Alaskan Political Personalities, 1884-1974, Daniel O’Connell Kennedy Jr. was a pack train freighter who operated between Fairbanks and Valdez along the Valdez Trail from 1904-1916. In addition, Atwood and DeArmond state that he operated pack trains and camps for tourists at Mount McKinley National Park (now Denali National Park and Preserve) from 1923 to 1925. Later, more definitive accounts by National Park Service historians William E. Brown (A History of Denali-Mount McKinley Region, Alaska, 1991) and Frank Norris (Crown Jewel of the North: An Administrative History of Denali National Park and Preserve, Volume 1, 2006), appear to discount this assertion. Together, Brown and Norris refer to another Kennedy, Dan T. Kennedy, a horse packer, game guide, and park concessioner from Nenana who owned a five-acre inholding surrounding McKinley Station until 1961.8
On October, 28, 1921, Daniel Kennedy Jr. married Mrs. Anna Maloney Sturgis in Anchorage. She was born in England on August 13, 1884 and died in June 1930. Anna Kennedy was active in the Anchorage chapter of the Women of Moose Heart Legion and in Pioneers of Alaska Auxiliary 4. Business was apparently good enough that the couple indulged in an ocean voyage from the “Pacific Coast” of the United States, beginning on January 18, 1932 and landing in New York on February 1, 1932.9
Like his brother James, Daniel Jr. was a hunter. In 1928 he accompanied Catholic priest George Woodley, his brother and pilot Art Woodley, and their father on a mountain sheep hunt in the Talkeetna Mountains. Father Woodley was accidentally killed when he fell down a steep slope during the hunt.
In 1933, three years after his first wife's death, Daniel Kennedy Jr. married Gertrude M. Watson, the daughter of Charles and Grace Watson, also original Anchorage and Alaska pioneers. Charles Watson was a former United States Deputy Marshal and assistant chief of police for Anchorage and had worked as a teamster for the Alaska Railroad. Grace Watson Kennedy had worked in Anchorage as a telephone operator and was also a schoolteacher who had taught in various communities along the Alaska Railroad line, including Nenana. She was born in Whitehorse in the Yukon Territory, Canada, in 1903.10
After the death of his brother and business partner James, Daniel O’Connell Kennedy Jr. moved their men’s clothing business across Fourth Avenue where the store’s name was eventually changed to Hub Clothing. He continued to operate the store until 1942 when he sold it.
Between 1937 and 1939 Daniel O’Connell Kennedy Jr. served in the Alaska Territorial Legislature in Juneau as a Democrat. According to his obituary in the Anchorage Daily Times, he died after a long illness on July 8, 1944 while visiting Circle Hot Springs, Alaska. Gertrude Kennedy died in 1953 in Anchorage. They had no children and both were buried in the Catholic Tract of the Anchorage Memorial Park Cemetery.11
1"Funeral of Late Daniel Kennedy," Alaska Daily Empire (Juneau), January 30, 1913, 1; and Daniel Kennedy, 1900 U.S. Census, Juneau, Southern Supervisor's District, Alaska, National Archives Microfilm Publication T625, Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920, Roll 1830, ED 5, page 41A, 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line], http://ancestry.com (accessed January 11, 2014).
2Captain L.A. Beardslee, Report of [the] Commander of [the] Navy Ship Stationed at Sitka, 1879-1880 on Affairs in Alaska (Senate Executive Document 71, 47th U. S. Congress, 1st Session, Volume 4, Serial 1959): 34.
3“Old Pioneer is Reported Ill,” Alaska Daily Empire (Juneau), January 7, 1913, 1.
4"Funeral of Late Daniel Kennedy," Alaska Daily Empire (Juneau), January 30, 1913, 1.
5Daniel Kennedy, 1910 U.S. Census, Juneau, First Judicial District, Alaska, National Archives Microfilm Publication T624, Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, Roll 1748, ED 1, page 28A, 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line], http://ancestry.com (accessed January 11, 2014).
6"Dan Kennedy, Pioneer, Dies," Anchorage Daily Times, July 11, 1944, 8.
7Draft registration card, Daniel O'Connell Kennedy Jr., Cordova, Third Judicial District, Alaska, National Archives Microfilm Publication M1509, World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918, Roll AK1, U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 [database on-line]; http://ancestry.com (accessed January 11, 2014).
8Evangeline Atwood and Robert N. DeArmond, compilers, Who's Who in Alaskan Politics: A Biographical Dictionary of Alaskan Political Personalities, 1884-1974 (Portland, OR: Binford & Mort for the Alaska Historical Commission, 1977), 54; William E. Brown, A History of the Denali-Mount McKinley Region, Alaska (Santa Fe, NM: Southwest Regional Office, National Park Service, 1991), 142, 156, and 189-190; and Frank Norris, Crown Jewel of the North: An Administrative History of Denali National Park and Preserve, Volume 1-General Park History to 1980 (Anchorage, AK: Alaska Regional Office, National Park Service, 2006), 37-39, 48-49, and 191-195. Note particularly the 1960 U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit Court, U.S.A. vs. Dan T. Kennedy (No. 16, 179), April 13, 1960, in File 06-113, and in "Federal Reporter," 2nd Series, vol. 278, pp 121-127.
9Daniel O. Kennedy Jr., National Archives Microfilm Publication T715, Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, N.Y., 1897-1957, Roll 5105, S.S. Virginia sailing from "Pacific Coast" to New York, Jan. 18-Feb. 1, 1932, New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957 [database on-line], http://ancestry.com (accessed January 12, 2014.
10Gertrude Watson Kennedy, 1930 U.S. Census, Tanana, Fourth Judicial District, Alaska, National Archives Microfilm Publication T626, Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, Roll 2628, ED 4-31, page 4A, 1930 United States Census [database on-line], http://ancestry.com (accessed January 11, 2014).
11"Dan Kennedy, Pioneer, Dies," Anchorage Daily Times, July 11, 1944, 8; John P. Bagoy, Legends & Legacies, Anchorage, 1910-1935 (Anchorage, AK: Publications Consultants, 2001), 170-171; and Daniel Kennedy, U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current [database on-line], http://ancestry.com (accessed January 11, 2014).
This biographical sketch of Daniel Kennedy Jr. is based on an essay originally published in John P. Bagoy's Legends & Legacies, Anchorage, 1910-1935 (Anchorage, AK: Publication Consultants, 2001), 170-171. See also the Dan Kennedy file, Bagoy Family Pioneer Files (2004.11), Box 4, Atwood Resource Center, Anchorage Museum at Rasmuson Center, Anchorage, AK. Note: revised and expanded by Walter Van Horn and Bruce Parham, January 7, 2014.
Preferred citation: Walter Van Horn and Bruce Parham, “Kennedy, Daniel O’Connell, Jr.,” Cook Inlet Historical Society, Legends & Legacies, Anchorage, 1910-1940, http://www.alaskahistory.org.
Major support for Legends & Legacies, Anchorage, 1910-1940, provided by: Anchorage Museum at Rasmuson Center, Atwood Foundation, Cook Inlet Historical Society, and the Rasmuson Foundation. This educational resource is provided by the Cook Inlet Historical Society, a 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt association. Contact us at the Cook Inlet Historical Society, by mail at Cook Inlet Historical Society, Anchorage Museum at Rasmuson Center, 625 C Street, Anchorage, AK 99501 or through the Cook Inlet Historical Society website, www.cookinlethistory.org.